Ethical Dimensions of HIV/AIDS


Thursday, May 27, Thank you to all the doctors for sharing their viewpoints and their voice. While many comments were indeed honest, they certainly were strong opinions and the readers did not hold back their feelings. While some comments were rather harsh, I commend those readers for commenting. We would love to hear from health consumers too. If you were a patient in a hospital, would you find it confusing that a nurse introduces herself or himself as a doctor of nursing practice? Nurse Practitioners — Doctors? To view comments on THCB please click the link at the end of this post. Mahar tackles the question that Legislators in twenty-eight states are dealing with. Should a nurse practitioner NP with an advanced degree provide primary care, without an M.

Let nurses do the ethical thing

Prescription drug prices in the United States In the United States, drug costs are unregulated, but instead are the result of negotiations between drug companies and insurance companies. Patients often take the medicines for long periods. History of pharmacy Prescription drug history[ edit ] Antibiotics first arrived on the medical scene in thanks to Gerhard Domagk; [21] and coined the “wonder drugs”. The introduction of the sulfa drugs led to a decline in the U.

The nurse attends an ethics committee meeting to discuss ethical issues that hospitals and healthcare professionals face. At the end of the meeting, the members collectively agree that consensus building is the best method for the decision-making process.

Tweet Undoubtedly, you have spent a great deal of time in nursing school discussing the nurse-patient relationship. Presumably, you have also discussed the concept of the “therapeutic relationship. This brings us to the subject of dating your patients or getting romantically involved with them. Although this is considered taboo in many cases, I know of a few nurses who have married former patients.

Occasionally you will even hear of a nurse who marries a patient currently in his or her care. While it may appear to have worked out well for a few, understand that you are treading on thin ice, and slippery legal advice if you move in this direction. Some states in the United states have laws prohibiting sexual contact between caregivers, and their charges.

Many consider dating and sexual activity with patients, at the very least, unethical and unprofessional. Here we get into issues of professional boundaries. The intimate nature of nursing care, both physical and emotional, can lead to a misunderstanding of feelings and relationships. Also, there is an unequal balance of power in the relationship, with the nurse clearly having the upper hand.

The patient is very vulnerable, the nurse has access to personal information about the patient and the nurse has access to all of that information. Getting romantically involved with a patient – with or without sexual contact – compromises the professional association.

Ethical Leadership in Nursing

By its very nature ethics is an area of study to be debated and discussed. Roughly defined ethics is the virtuous and moral values and actions that society finds acceptable or desirable Northouse, Ethics is concerned with good or bad and right or wrong. Ethical leadership then is what motivates the leader and how the leader acts Northouse,

1 ETHICS AND THE DOCTOR–PATIENT RELATIONSHIP Claire Zilber M.D. The regimen I adopt shall be for the benefit of my patients according to my ability and judgment, and not for their hurt.

Strategic Human Resource Management How the Four Principles of Health Care Ethics Improve Patient Care Whether your role is that of a doctor or a health care administrator, working in the field of health care is both highly rewarding and challenging. Many medical procedures and treatments have both merits and downsides, and patients have their own input and circumstances to consider.

The four principles of health care ethics developed by Tom Beauchamp and James Childress in the Principles of Biomedical Ethics provide medical practitioners with guidelines to make decisions when they inevitably face complicated situations involving patients. The four principles of health care ethics are autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice. The Four Principles of Health Care Ethics The basic definitions of each of the four principles of health care ethics are commonly known and used often in the English language, but they take on special meaning when being utilized in a medical setting.

All of these principles play a key role in ensuring optimal patient safety and care. In medicine, autonomy refers to the right of the patient to retain control over his or her body. A health care professional can suggest or advise, but any actions that attempt to persuade or coerce the patient into making a choice are violations of this principle. This principle states that health care providers must do all they can to benefit the patient in each situation. All procedures and treatments recommended must be with the intention to do the most good for the patient.

Non-maleficence is probably the best known of the four principles. The principle of justice states that there should be an element of fairness in all medical decisions: Case Study One hypothetical case study involves a patient who has an ovarian cyst that, left untreated, will result in kidney failure.


John March 19, at 7: I knew it was transference and I brought it up, though it felt really awkward. I fired her after a couple of months. Sarah March 22, at 4:

The American Nurses Association (ANA) has developed a Code of Ethics for Nurses, which serves as a guide for carrying out nursing responsibilities in a manner consistent with quality in nursing care and the ethical obligations of the profession (ANA, ).

Key issues analyzed include confidentiality, informed consent, end of life, research design, conflict of interest, vulnerable populations, and vaccine research. Although many examples are drawn from the United States, these issues are also explored from a global perspective. Overview of Ethical Principles There are three widely recognized principles in American bioethics that apply to both clinical and research ethics: It also imposes an obligation to treat persons with respect by maintaining confidences and keeping promises.

It often is understood to require that the risks of research be minimized and that the risks be acceptable in light of the potential benefits of research. It is often understood to require that benefits and burdens be distributed fairly within society. Nor are they absolute; exceptions to the principles may be appropriate in particular cases. Furthermore, they often conflict.

Accordingly, these ethical principles must be interpreted in the context of specific cases. The utilitarian perspective embodies the idea that acts should be evaluated according to their consequences.

Health Care Organizational Ethics: Doctor

Sociology[ edit ] In the sociology of knowledge , a branch of sociology , a controversy over the boundaries of autonomy stopped at the concept of relative autonomy, [2] until a typology of autonomy was created and developed within science and technology studies. According to it, the contemporary form of science’s existing autonomy is the reflexive autonomy: Political freedom In governmental parlence, autonomy refers to self-governance.

An example of an autonomous jurisdiction was the former United States governance of the Philippine Islands. The Philippine Autonomy Act of provided the framework for the creation of an autonomous government under which the Filipino people had broader domestic autonomy than previously, although it reserved certain privileges to the United States to protect its sovereign rights and interests.

The four principles of health care ethics help make decisions when faced with complicated situations involving patients. Whether your role is that of a doctor or a health care administrator, working in the field of health care is both highly rewarding and challenging.

Family Nurse Practitioner The Family Nurse Practitioner specialty prepares nurses for the challenges of advanced nursing practice in diversified settings. Graduates assume responsibility for assessment and management of a broad range of health needs of individuals and families across the life span. The program has a strong community-based primary care focus. More than 40 community-based sites and private practices provide students with a rich variety of primary health care experiences with clients of all ages.

Students have the opportunity to do rotations in specialty areas such as endocrinology, cardiology, nephrology, and emergency room care. Clinical sites include public health departments, hospital outpatient and satellite clinics, HMO clinics, community primary healthcare centers, emergency departments, health clinics for the homeless as well as private practice.

Top Graduate Programs from Accredited Graduate Schools

Hawking’s nurse reveals why she is not surprised his marriage is over Last updated at It is a relationship that, almost from the beginning, has provoked a storm of controversy – and suspicion – the wheelchair-bound Prof Hawking, 64, who has suffered from motor neurone disease since the age of 22, and the “controlling, manipulative and bullying” the words of another former employee Elaine.

Because for years there have been shocking rumours of violence and abuse against the vulnerable scientist – mental as well as physical – supported by his own children no less.

The patient is very vulnerable, the nurse has access to personal information about the patient and the nurse has access to all of that information. Getting romantically involved with a patient – with or without sexual contact – compromises the professional association.

Students and current professionals interested in continued post-baccalaureate education via graduate programs can find ‘s of programs to choose from on Gradshools. Whether you are just learning about what grad school is, or are far into your search for Masters programs, PhD programs or certificate options; our directory is organized to help you find what you are looking for.

Why Pursue Graduate Programs? In many fields, pursuing a grad program may be necessary to advancing a career. For example, in order to become a leader in the nursing field, you may need a masters degree in Nurse Administration or something similar. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, on average, there are a lower unemployment rates and higher wages for folks that have a masters or doctoral degree. Regardless of why you choose to pursue a graduate degree, do make sure you educate yourself on the different degree options out there even within the same subject area.

Did you know that you can earn a masters in business that is not from a business school? The point being, you should know the difference between the two because earning an MBA vs a Masters of Science in Business could affect you career options and choices in the future. What is Graduate School?


Human Dignity and Euthanasia This chapter examines the first two provisions of the ANA Code of Ethics along with associated case studies and examples which clarify the provisions as they relate to the respect for human dignity and euthanasia. The concept of human dignity and its application to nursing. The Ethics of Euthanasia Respect for Human Dignity Of the various provisions presented in the code of ethics for nurses, the provision which demands a respect for human dignity is perhaps the most readily accepted and appreciated since it applies not only to nursing but to almost every other professional field.

With time, the idea of respecting human dignity has become one of the foundations of western civilization. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights begins with the recognition of human dignity along with equal and inalienable rights for all members of humanity and calls this the foundation for all freedom and justice, as well as peace in the world UN, Clearly, these are lofty aims and it becomes difficult for individuals to understand how this very concept can be applied to their own professions.

Professional boundaries are the spaces between the nurse’s power and the patient’s vulnerability. The power of the nurse comes from the professional.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. A literature review was adopted in order to determine and define ethical values for nurses. This literature review was conducted based on the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination guidelines. The key words used to search relevant sources were nursing, ethics, ethical values, and nursing values. After assessing and analyzing the obtained data, 17 articles which had a distinct definition of ethical values were chosen and subjected to a thorough study.

The search yielded 10 nursing ethical values: Human dignity, privacy, justice, autonomy in decision making, precision and accuracy in caring, commitment, human relationship, sympathy, honesty, and individual and professional competency. This study showed that common ethical values are generally shared within the global community. However, in several areas, influences of social, cultural, and economical status and religious beliefs on values result in a different definition of these values.

Should Nurse Practitioners with a Doctorate of Nursing Practice be Called Doctors : Health in 30

It is a denial of the Jewish ideal of the fundamental value of life that drives the forces that wish to remove Terri Schiavo’s feeding tube. The Terri Schiavo saga in Florida, where a patient in a vegetative state has recently had her feeding tube reinserted by order of the legislature and governor, reminds us of the reality of modern life. An inescapable result of the extraordinary technological progress of the last several decades has been that critically ill patients who would have died early in their illnesses, often in the relative comfort of their homes, are now kept alive much longer in hospitals, often suffering great pain.

In addition to the component of human misery involved in discussions of medical treatment of the irreversibly ill, the skyrocketing cost of healthcare, particularly the large percentage of healthcare consumed in the last six months of life, have led to calls to limit “futile” treatments. Today, when there are almost limitless therapeutic options but limited economic resources, society may not be willing to provide “useless” therapies to patients who will not benefit.

Research – Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online for free.

Calling Yourself a Nurse Is a Crime, No Less Views expressed in this article are those of the author, and not necessarily of TheeMedicalAssistants What can a licensed nurse do when a medical assistant calls herself a nurse? In reality, many of these healthcare workers are not licensed nurses but instead are medical assistants. Identifying yourself as a nurse when you are not is wrong. In addition to the fact that misrepresentation of your profession is dishonest, there are many other reasons why medical assistants should not call themselves nurses.

A medical assistant is not an office nurse and should never be referred to as such. If you are a nurse and you witness a medical assistant calling him or herself a nurse, here are some points that you should inform the medical assistant of: Search Medical Administrative Assistant Programs Get information on Medical Administrative Assistant programs by entering your zip code and request enrollment information.

It can be difficult and confusing for the patient to try and understand who the nurse actually is if the medical assistants refer to each other as nurses. As a medical assistant you may give your opinion to a patient but it does not have the same level of education or credentials to go behind it that a nurse has. In addition, the nurse may be able to notice an underlying condition in the patient that a medical assistant might not know to look for.

However, becoming a nurse takes an extra level of commitment over being a medical assistant. Calling yourself a nurse when you are not is a slap in the face to nurses who have take the extra effort to pursue a degree in nursing. And even though a medical assistant may believe what they are doing is innocent, in reality it is a crime.

What they are actually doing is misrepresenting themselves and leading people to believe that they have a greater level of education and qualification than they have.

Morals, Ethics, and Nursing: Can a Nurse Refuse to Treat a Patient